Spearfishing, The Ultimate Guide For Spearfishers That You Will Ever Need #spearfishing

The origins of spearfishing

Thanks to the 1929 Expo, a Japanese named ‘Tokumori’ arrived in Barcelona and caused a sensation due to his “artisanal” way of fishing completely submerged in water. 

This intrepid athlete without realizing it was giving us some guidelines on what would ultimately be what we know today as spearfishing. His fishing method consisted of putting on Fernez binocular lenses and a harpoon at the end made of bamboo cane, quite a revolutionary.

Spearfishing, The Ultimate Guide For Spearfishers That You Will Ever Need
Spearfishing, The Ultimate Guide For Spearfishers That You Will Ever Need

The sports journalist Carlos Pardo, established an Spearfishing Association (APS)

One year after its foundation, it already had 200 members, and it was the first club in Europe to bring together all these athletes. 

Little by little the fuse was lit throughout the Peninsula, people who lived on the coast or near the sea elbowed each other for belonging to this club, and the hobby grew in such a way that reports of captures came from many different parts of the country. . 

Big monsters, 3-meter fish… they were all stories that fueled the passion for this sport.

Underwater fishing in prehistory

In the mid-1950s, numerous brands of underwater equipment began to be marketed to practice this sport. This was a before and after spearfishing. 

He globalized it, extended it to each and every one of the inhabitants of Spain. Goggles, fins, rifles, the first compressed air rifles… and on top of that, just at this time sports competition began to develop as we know it until now. 

Such has been the evolution that today Spain is considered one of the great powers in this sport, being a source of pride for all of us who love this discipline. 

We have great champions of the stature of the best Rafa Nadal, Pau Gasol, Iker Casillas… they are ours’ Jose Amengual’ (considered the best underwater fisherman of all time), José Viña, Pedro Carbonell, Alberto March… and many young people who are the future of this sport who are beginning to follow in his footsteps, something promising.

Types and techniques of underwater fishing

If you have a passion for fishing , this is your meeting place for all things, we are enthusiasts of spearfishing and freediving in all its forms:

  • waiting fishing
  • lurking underwater fishing
  • Underwater fishing
  • hole fishing
  • fish as a couple
  • foam spearfishing
  • Freediving in depth

First of all, the novice spearfisherman has to learn to take his time and carry out all the maneuvers with as little noise as possible, only then will we stop scaring all the fish around us. 

Surface swimming, breathing through the snorkel, or underwater diving should be done with minimal noise. At the surface, most spearfishermen employ the typical bicycle-pedaling motion of their legs to keep their fins completely underwater. 

With this motion there is inevitably some loss of propulsive power, but it is less important than the advantage gained by the calmer, quieter flapping action.

It is also important to breathe through the breathing tube in a controlled and calm manner, the noise made by inhaling and exhaling and spitting water on the surface travels far underwater. 

Until we can control all these maneuvers with the maximum silence and stealth possible, it is recommended that our dives are only superficial. 

When we start diving deeper, we will normally feel a strong pressure on the eardrum, we should not allow ourselves to reach a point where this pressure causes us discomfort as this could easily lead to an injury to our eardrum. 

We will equalize the pressure by pinching the nose firmly between the thumb and forefinger and then blowing out through the nose. 

You can try this on land, you will find that your ears will pop out. If after this maneuver the ears don’t pop, don’t try to go any deeper, it’s much safer to come back to the surface and start again. 

Once underwater, the novice (and expert!) will see many more fish if we sit quietly on the seabed and wait in the right spot instead of hovering on the seafloor, the so-called hold fishing or spot fishing. stalking

Where to wait? It is a great question and experience will tell us the answer, although the following advice should be useful. 

Flat sandy areas are the preferred habitat of a number of fish species (mainly flatfish). Other fish are found in areas that provide cover, that is, food, such as rocks, reefs, etc., especially when accompanied by a thick layer of algae and marine vegetation. 

The slightest sudden movement that we can make is likely to scare away even the most curious fish, therefore they should be avoided. 

Once the fish has been scared and flees, chasing them is totally useless , remember that they are in their habitat, we are not!

All modern rifles are designed to be used with one hand. Some fishermen take the upper part of the tube of our rifle as a reference and others take the lateral part as the firing line, both are valid, we must use the point of sight that makes us feel more comfortable and safe. 

The most successful spearfishermen vary their aiming method to suit the situation at hand, so be prepared to experiment!

Even spearguns More powerful and powerful ones have a limited range underwater, so the real skill comes in getting close to the fish before you shoot. 

Most of the success will be achieved when the fish is at a minimum distance from us. 

Whenever possible the tip of the speargun and harpoon should be directed towards the fish and at right angles. Usually the best place to shoot fish is a spot just behind the fish’s dewlap. 

This is because the upper half of a fish’s body is mostly muscle and offers a better option when it comes to sticking our harpoon into the fish. 

Another point to keep in mind is that glancing shots will very often miss, as they fail to penetrate the muscular surface of the fish,

If you are already an experienced spearfisher, you will know that there are problems associated with the refraction of light as it passes from the air to the water and reflects with the glass of your mask. 

This effect means that objects appear to be 25% closer than their actual distance and one-third larger than their actual size. 

With experience you can automatically compensate for this problem. It’s always hard to catch a slippery fish (and most of them are!), but it’s always possible with a firm grip, either on the top of the head or in the eye sockets or from underneath towards the gills. . 

If you practice this type of fishing, you will know that it is one of the first forms of hunting that existed, since with much more rudimentary materials than those of today, the fisherman submerged himself under water by apnea,

Below you have the most representative styles of this art of hunting under the sea.

Fishing Sub to the hole

fishing sub to the hole
fishing sub to the hole

Hole fishing is a simple but very effective technique 
if we want to fish in apnea. Normally spearfishers get great catches with this technique, such as groupers, haddock and sea bream. 

This modality is widely used by spearfishing and divers from all over the world, the success of underwater fishing to the hole undoubtedly lies in the experience of the diver and in the knowledge of the cavities and bends of the area that are found on the seabed, since many holes and hollows will be empty of prey but others will be full of fish. 

We will have to know the different entry and exit holes and the type of rock, which can be volcanic or granite, we will learn these characteristics with time and experience. 

In spearfishing to the hole we are going to close the way to all possible holes and gaps in our fishing area, to leave only one way out, the most accessible to us. 

Normally, at the beginning, we are going to catch the fish that swim around the rocks and later we will catch those that hide inside the stones.

In hole fishing we will make repeated descents and rapid ascents, always taking into account the recovery time on the surface, we will go down vertically to the hole making as little noise as possible before shooting with our harpoon, we can help ourselves with a water torch to have greater visibility. 

An alternative technique to fish the hole is to go down slowly in a very leisurely way and place ourselves very close to the cave. 

We will try this way so that the fish does not notice our presence and we will wait for our catch to come out of the cave to shoot. 

There are many conditions that affect this type of apnea fishing, such as the state of the water, since when the sea currents tighten, it becomes quite difficult to approach the rock cavities and therefore the practice of freediving becomes more dangerous. hole fishing. 

The material to be used is usually short spearguns or fishing harpoons, from 60 to 75 cm in length to be able to load them quickly and thus increase the firing rate. 

Although these guns are not very powerful, we will gain in maneuverability because they will be much easier to use in areas with reduced spaces, without a doubt it is a good way to fish bream, snapper or grouper, although we can get a scare if we find ourselves with some brunette.

fall fishing

fall fishing
fall fishing

This technique is the most practiced in the world of underwater fishing
, since it is an uncomplicated modality. Drop fishing is based on swimming across the surface of the sea and observing the bottom to spot one fish or another. 

When we locate a catch, we dive to the bottom “letting ourselves fall” until we reach our potential catch. 

As always in spearfishing, it is essential to carry out the movements as stealthily and cautiously as possible, since a slight sudden movement will scare away the fish. 

The most important thing is not to go directly to the fish, but to dive until you reach a distance close enough to have your prey within range without scaring it. 

Sometimes it will be necessary to hide or even make short waits. In spearfishing, observation is very important, since, as we know, the seabed does not always offer us good visibility.

We must remember that we are in the habitat of our catches and any noise no matter how weak it may seem to us, is easily perceived by the fish, thus causing it to flee, in addition the fish are capable of noticing the changes in pressure when we are close to them, all precaution is little. 

The ballast or weights that we use in our belt for a correct descent are of vital importance, since an excessive weight in our weighted belt will make our descent too fast, producing vibrations that can scare away our prey. 

For a correct descent in the fall fishing, it is necessary to carry the arm of the rifle stretched to speed up the possible shot at our prey, and the other arm we will carry it in the nose to compensate for the descent and thus we will be more efficient in our movements. .

Underwater waiting

underwater fishing
underwater fishing

**This type of fishing is done by staying as still and motionless as possible in a specific place, “waiting”**For some fish to pass in front of us and we can catch it easily, this type of spearfishing requires a large lung capacity, since the longer we are submerged, the more chances we will have of being successful in fishing. 

It is undoubtedly the most effective technique to capture large prey. Over the years and our experience we will be able to perfect this technique that will give us so much success. 

Our physical qualities and our apnea capacity to remain static on the seabed must be increased over time in order to wait for our prey as long as possible. 

This type of fishing is usually used when visibility is not very good and it works with any type of fish. Waiting spearfishing can be the most complete, as it requires being a good freediver, a great shooter,

A good fall or descent is essential, a silent flapping and a discreet fall are very important for good spearfishing while waiting. 

It is essential not to descend just above where we want to wait, since we will be giving many clues to our prey, we must dive to the bottom in areas a little further from our waiting area so as not to disturb or scare the fish. 

Our descent often arouses the curiosity of our potential catch, which approaches our position, but just before we hit bottom we must move horizontally towards the fish, it will have lost track of us and we will have an advantage over it and we can surprise it . 

If we are well hidden we can surprise the prey and capture it without problems, although it is rare and risky. 

The fact that we are well camouflaged with the seabed will make the fish get even closer, feel intrigued by what is there and thus be able to catch it more easily. 

The waits can be done in different places, be it in the sand, near a stone, on a coral bottom, etc. What will depend on success is the ability of the spearfisher to remain motionless before the prey.

The most recommended waiting areas are the places where the fish pass and areas where they usually feed or hide. 

Cracks, scree, slabs or shady areas are places that are very prone to the appearance of moss and are ideal for waiting. 

Factors that can affect the fisherman are the sun and sea currents. As is evident, knowing the exact place is going to be very complicated, but with experience we will be able to further adjust our favorite waiting areas. 

So that fishing awaits it is more comfortable for us, a trick is to hold a sinker with one of the hands to keep us immobile at the bottom more easily. 

Once we have chosen our waiting area, the ideal is to relax, not think about anything that distracts us and do the freediving as calm and calm as possible, this will allow us to hold on longer under the water. 

While we wait, if we want to attract the prey to our shooting area, we can choose to make some small blows with the butt of the rifle, some noise with the throat or small bubbles to attract the fish, although normally with our mere presence it is already Enough to pique your curiosity.

Shallow spearfishing

shallow fishing
shallow fishing

It is a **spearfishing technique used by both beginners and experienced anglers.**giving good results when practiced enough. 

Subfishing in shallow bottoms is normally done in winter, because when the waters are colder, the fish is found in shallower waters and therefore warmer than on the bottom. 

When we go fishing in cold waters, we will normally use neoprene suits of about 7 or even 9 mm thick, these suits are heavier and much more dangerous to use in deeper waters, therefore it is advisable to practice spearfishing in shallower depths. 

It is also known that when the waters are cloudy it would be impractical to descend to the bottom since visibility would be almost nil. Shallow fishing is also often practiced in situations where the currents are very strong,

This technique is recommended for divers who do not yet have the physical and mental conditions required for fishing at great depths. 

However, it is good to know that the fish that inhabit shallow areas are more suspicious and therefore their fishing will be somewhat more complicated, and they must be extremely stealthy. 

Our field of vision must be very active and control any hole or nook where to find some prey. We must always practice underwater fishing in complete safety, and before diving to greater depths we will have to be confident that we will be able to get out of any incident that could arise and we must remember that this sport, although exciting, has its dangers and many Experienced spearfishers have had accidents. 

It is better to practice our fishing technique first in shallow areas and little by little gain meters towards the bottom of the sea when we feel 100% safe.

deep sea fishing

Only for pro divers , when we refer to deep underwater fishing we are talking about the most dangerous fishing of all, since we will have to dive more than 30 meters deep. 

Fishing at this type of depth we have the advantage that the fish becomes more confident, greatly facilitating its fishing. 

Due to drawbacks, we can highlight that the number of times we can dive is quite limited since we will have to perform decompression times in addition to physically recovering from the dive. 

Sometimes experienced spearfishers use two harpoons in each dive to take advantage of the descent and be able to catch 2 fish at the same time, these spearguns must be much longer since the distance of our catches will be greater. 

It must be understood that deep-sea fishing**(greater than 30 meters)** carries countless dangers, it is not suitable for any beginner spearfisher since there are innumerable factors that can pose risks to our lives, such as currents, water temperature, poor visibility, etc.

Regarding the physical condition of the spearfisher, it should be noted that **the control of the technique and the psychological preparation are determining factors for deep-sea fishing,**We must have a great command of apnea and perform periodic training to improve our lung capacity, in addition to having considerable strength in the legs that allows us a powerful flapping to rise to the surface quickly in case of lack of oxygen. 

To be able to fish in great depths, we must go little by little, stage after stage, when we feel comfortable and control a certain depth, we must remain in it for a certain time (several days of fishing) before immersing ourselves in greater depths. 

Undoubtedly, experience and practice play a fundamental role in perfecting this spearfishing technique.

Before proceeding to the dive we have to take 4 or 5 deep and slow breaths, with total relaxation so that our dive is as satisfactory as possible. 

The mind plays a fundamental role in our dives, we must be totally relaxed to consume as little oxygen as possible. 

When we are ascending to the surface we do not have to be obsessed with reaching it as soon as possible even if we are just short of breath, but the flapping must be slow and constant, once on the surface of the sea, we breathe without the tube with our heads facing , in this way we will recover much faster.

lurking underwater fishing

lurking underwater fishing
lurking underwater fishing

This spearfishing technique can be considered mixed, since we will have to combine **fishing on the lookout keeping us immobile for short periods of time alternating with small movements on the bottom.**marine stalking the fish that live there. 

It should be done with camouflage or camouflage spearfishing suits since it is vitally important to go as unnoticed as possible so as not to scare away the fish. 

Depending on the type of bottom in which we fish, we will have to use one type or another of camouflage, everything will depend on the knowledge of the aquatic environment of the spearfish. 

It is also known as Indian fishing, when we go to practice this style of fishing we will have to be aware of the great disadvantage that spearfishing have against their prey, since we will be much slower and clumsier underwater than any fish since these have amazing swimming ability. 

As in all forms of underwater fishing, stealth is essential, but in stalking fishing it is more important.

Each time the species are more accustomed to the human presence, either by learning or by simple nature, the fish flee quickly when they feel the movement of the divers who submerge in the waters of the great blue, that is why every day it becomes more complicated the practice of underwater fishing regardless of its type. 

The fish recognize the spearfish as just another predator and they adopt the necessary survival measures, which is why we underwater fishermen have to anticipate these behaviors and further refine our hunting techniques as well as the physical conditions to achieve catches that could previously be achieved with a little more ease. 

A quite appropriate area for a correct stalking fishing is usually places surrounded by cliffs, where on the surface we will go close to the cliff walls, leaving the sun behind us so as not to be dazzled by it. 

The rocky areas are places of a lot of fishing, so we will be very attentive because at any moment we can find a grouper or an old woman eating carefree on the walls.

foam fishing

foam fishing
foam fishing

To fish the foam we must be in shallow places very close to the coast
, using the foam of the waves of the sea as a way to hide from the fish. There is a great risk when fishing with this technique since there are factors such as the strength of the waves, the currents of the sea, or lack of experience that can play against us, which is why we must take extreme precautions and have a good physical condition to foam fish. 

It is done in several stages, firstly we descend when we are far from the coast, then we dive looking for the breaking waves, in these areas our catches look for their food and therefore they will be more distracted when we ascend taking advantage of the foam cover to go unnoticed and capture to our fish, we must be careful that the tides when they are very strong can drag us out of the fishing area.

The weights are a fundamental part , if we do not find the ideal weight and we fall short, the force of the waves will treat us as if it were a doll, losing all our strength trying to swim outside the wave zone and without the possibility of being able to capture our prey. If the ballast is neutral or somewhat negative on the surface we will have a better disposition in the waves, in addition our sinkers have to be evenly distributed in the belt. When we talk about the rifle, the most suitable for foam fishing is one that is light, fast and with great precision in shooting. 

We can use a fishing harpoon of about 75 cm in length with a sensitive trigger for greater shooting comfort. Regarding the rubbers, we will have to use flexible natural latex ones that are not very fast since we would lose precision in the shots. For the fins we chose thermoplastic ones, quieter and more resistant than the carbon fins, and the breathing tube will have to opt for a somewhat longer length to prevent the entry of water and eliminate the possibility of choking.

Subfish as a couple

**Underwater fishing as a couple, apart from being more entertaining since we fish with a partner,**It serves us as a security measure since being in an environment that is not ours we will have to take extreme precautions and being accompanied can free us from some scare than another, in addition to being equipped with a signaling buoy is essential. 

For those who are new to spearfishing, they must take into account that it requires a significant physical condition, since diving in apnea carrying equipment (gun, neoprene suit, knife, fish-catching net, weight belt, etc.) makes it very difficult. 

its realization and we really must be prepared for any situation that may occur underwater, such as choking, fainting, possible drowning, hitting the rocks, fainting, etc. All these problems can have less impact if we fish in pairs.

A fundamental rule in pair fishing is the coordination between pescasub , it is useless to go out fishing as a team without being fully synchronized and without having established an action plan. The basic rule is to maintain good coordination between partners. 

Those who fish as a team, but each on their own, create a false sense of security. Before each exit it is necessary to establish an adequate harmony, something impossible if we are content with the simple act of going out as a couple. 

Fishing in pairs will always be more fruitful and safe, so let’s promote spearfishing in pairs.

Keep these tips in mind:

  • ► Choose that partner who has a schedule similar to ours and who has the same desire to practice underwater fishing as we do.

  • ► It is important to let our partner know our way of fishing, how we move underwater and the techniques that we usually apply in order to be more coordinated and avoid possible surprises.

  • ► We must know how to listen to the advice and criticism of our fishing partners and try to repair the mistakes made as a team, learning from our mistakes we will be able to improve as pescasub.

  • ► Know the good and bad things about our colleagues to avoid possible confrontations.

  • ► You should always share the knowledge acquired in fishing, all information is little.

  • ► You have to learn to communicate by means of signs since under water it will not be possible to speak.

  • ► Four eyes see more than two, especially in unexplored fishing spots that we have no prior knowledge of.

  • ► We must maintain a safe distance of 5 meters while we are flapping, always having visual contact for safety.

  • ► Something very important is to alternate the dives, while one spearfish descends, the other must monitor and control that the entire dive is carried out in perfect conditions.

  • ► It is difficult to find a partner who has the same level as us, both if he is more expert or if he is just starting out with spearfishing, therefore you have to know how to adapt and help him whenever necessary.

  • ► The team or pair of divers must jointly take care of the boat and the spearfishing equipment.

Guide to get started in spearfishing

As you already know, spearfishing is a very popular and well-established sport all over the world . It attracts a large number of enthusiasts, most of whom are keen to fish for the sheer joy of catching their next meal, but there is also the opportunity for local and national competition fishing and for the lucky few, the privilege of representing his country in European and world championships. 

In other areas there are some of the best spearfishing in the world, and thousands of fans who enjoy this sport. 

The beginnings are difficult but once spearfishing has mastered the basic techniques and the problems posed by cold water, strong tides, unexpected storms and limited visibility underwater That’s when we started to get the taste of underwater fishing. In fact, the spearfisherman who is successful is the one who has patience and can wait until the sea conditions are right to get into the water. 

Having said that, there are many areas of our coastline that provide good visibility and safe diving for the beginner. Interest in spearfishing has increased in recent years, especially in the competitive arena. 

There are more and more local and regional competitions organized by clubs or federations and their participation is increasing so it will be for a reason!

How to get started in spearfishing? step by step guide

The safest way, of course, is to join a club and benefit from the know-how of experienced spearfishermen

As we know, spearfishing is carried out only with a breathing tube (lung) and not with the help of underwater breathing equipment, so it is essential to first master safe diving. We do not claim that this guide covers all aspects of learning to dive. 

Once we have learned to dive and are able to hold our breath for a minimum of 30 seconds underwater, we have some foundation and should be able to continue with basic spearfishing techniques.

Are we in shape to practice spearfishing?


The sea is a changing and potentially hostile environment and must be treated with the greatest respect. With this in mind, we give the following tips. At a minimum, you must be able to swim at least 200 meters without fins and be in good general physical condition

If you have a history of respiratory problems, are a smoker, or have a circulatory or heart disorder, it would be advisable to consult a doctor before starting spearfishing. 

It is not wise to dive when suffering from a lung infection, perforated eardrum or ear disease. 

If you’re fit enough to dive, spearfishing can provide an effective means of maintaining cardiovascular fitness, without the joint-wearing problems that can accompany land sports since we’re in an anti-gravity state in the water and our joints they do not suffer from the impacts that we might have when running or jumping on solid ground.

If we refer to competitive spearfishing , this can require a very high level of our physical condition, it is common to see spearfishing competitions spend up to 6 hours in the water, often in rough seas and strong currents. 

Also, a beginning spearfisherman will have the disadvantage of having to spend more time recovering on the surface between dives. Something that we have to be clear about is that the diver who is able to spend most of his time underwater has a greater chance of catching fish. 

In fact, most of the best spearfishermen **follow a physical training program.**which consists of a combination of circuit training, road training and pool work, especially during the winter and early part of the season.

Equipment and material necessary to practice underwater fishing

Purchasing good quality equipment that has been specifically designed for freediving and scuba diving will not only save you money in the long run, it will also make you more profitable much more quickly. 

The essential equipment to start spearfishing would be a mask, fins, snorkel or breathing tube, neoprene suit, weighted belt, a speargun, a buoy, a knife and a fish catcher bag. Some “extras” would include a waterproof watch and a waterproof flashlight.

Diving goggles or masks


The current trend in mask manufacturing is for low-volume masks that fit close to the face and offer an excellent field of vision. 

This type of diving mask is ideal for freediving. Spearfishers need a mask that provides a comfortable fit on their face and allows easy access to the nose from outside the mask (to decompress our ears). 

The lens must be tempered glass. It is not necessary to test a mask underwater to determine its comfort and sealing qualities. 

Put the mask on your face covering your eyes and nose, without using the strap, inhale gently through your nose, if the mask is suitable it will adjust and be held in place by suction, if they fall off our face, we choose another !

diving fins

diving fins
diving fins

A great powerful fin is essential for spearfishing
, only a powerful fin will provide rapid acceleration and the ability to deal with strong tides and currents. There are several types of fins, either with a shoe-type fit or with an adjustable heel strap, both options are quite acceptable. 

Regarding the manufacturing material, we have thermoplastic or carbon fins, the latter are blades with a higher cost but their reduced weight means that in long dives we wear less. 

Choose a fin that fits comfortably over your foot when wearing a dive boot or neoprene boot

If the fin is too tight it will cause cramps and if it is too loose it will easily fall into the water on the first kick. 

For beginners, plastic fins are recommended and when we are more advanced, without a doubt, carbon fins are the best option, that is if we will notice it in our pocket.

breathing tube

The use of a snorkel allows the diver to breathe through the mouth while swimming near the surface of the water. 

A snorkel with a large diameter of between 2 and 5 cm is recommended to have a breath without much effort. 

The mouthpiece must be comfortable, there are rubber or silicone mouthpieces and these have proven to be very effective in reducing pain in the mouth. 

The snorkel or breathing tube is either attached to the mask strap or hidden under the mask to keep it in place.

The wetsuit


The arrival of the wetsuit in the practice of underwater fishing is almost certainly due to the rapid growth of water sports in the last twenty years. 

Surely spearfishing would be much more dangerous and unpleasant without their use. Underwater fishermen usually spend long periods (2 to 6 hours) in the water, therefore wearing a suit that protects us from inclement seas seems essential. 

The ideal spearfishing suit has to have a perfect fit, the hood and jacket must be attached and there must be no zippers. The head is vulnerable to cold, so the hood should cover the forehead and chin, leaving enough room for the mask and snorkel. 

Pants should also fit well, especially around the ankles and behind the knees (a loose fit here will quickly lead to painful chafing).

Many divers wear an additional inner jacket when diving in fairly cold water. A wetsuit made **from 5mm neoprene should be sufficient for most conditions.**in thermonormal waters, although sometimes we need the upper part to be somewhat thicker, 7 or 9 mm, that is, we will lose some mobility. 

There are manufacturers that make made-to-measure wetsuits, with a perfect design for your complexion and physical structure, although their prices skyrocket, today there are totally valid chain-made suits and excellent value for money. 

The use of hard-soled boots or booties will cost a little more, but will give us much more safety and protection when walking or diving through rocks. 

Neoprene gloves provide greater protection against cold and sharp rocks, the most recommended are five-fingered gloves, You have to take into account that the gloves should not be very thick since we would lose the sense of touch, which is so important to allow him to use the rifle. 

In summer, and in warm waters we could even do without them, everything is to the taste of the fisherman.

The weighted belt

The weight belt is essential to counteract the buoyancy that the wetsuit gives us. The belt must have an effective quick release buckle that can be used with one hand. 

Obviously, it is safer to start with very little weight on the belt, a suitable starting weight would be 4 to 5 Kg although this will also depend on the weight of the angler. 

Weight can be added to the belt little by little until we reach neutral buoyancy at a depth of between 3m and 5m. 

To check this, dive to a depth of 3 meters and we remain static at that depth and if the weight on our belt is correct we should float and rise slowly to the surface, if not, we should weigh more or less our belt until we achieve this desired effect, since having our weighted belt 100% balanced According to our weight and the buoyancy index of our wetsuit, it makes diving much safer. 

The belt should be worn snug to allow deep compression of the suit. If this is not done, the weight belt will tend to be uncomfortably loose at depth.

The speargun

Modern spearguns are a potentially dangerous weapon and have to be treated with respect. There are water safety codes that establish:

Never walk around with a loaded gun or leave a loaded gun out of the water. Rifles are lethal weapons and when fired out of the water they can have a range of more than 12 meters.

Always unload the rifle before leaving the water. Never point a gun at anyone, and be careful when shooting in murky waters, it can easily hit a fellow fisherman and cause serious injury. 

It is worth adding and to deal with this issue safely, never fish near bathers or anglers, and if the gun is equipped with a safety lock, it should always be used although we should not trust it 100%, better prevent than cure. 

Taking these security measures into account, you should know that there are two types of rifles on the market. 

The first type uses compressed air for propulsion and the second uses rubber bands to propel the harpoon. These two types of spearguns can be and are used at all levels of spearfishing, from beginners to competition.

The most important point to keep in mind when purchasing a speargun is that a short length speargun will have a very limited distance under water and will be inaccurate. 

A BB gun about 70cm long or a rubber band gun about 75cm long would be a good choice for the beginner. 

All modern rifles will give good service if they are cared for and treated correctly. 

The sea is a very corrosive environment and your firearm will give longer service if it is thoroughly rinsed under fresh water each time it is used.

Any remaining sand or mud that accumulates around the moving parts must be removed or our rifle will wear out very quickly. 

In compressed air guns, it is essential that any remaining sand is removed from the tube, if we do not perform this maintenance will lead to a deterioration of the tube which in turn will allow air to be lost and the consequent loss of power. 

In both types of rifles it is also important to keep the trigger mechanism clean or jamming could occur . Also, the rubber deteriorates if exposed to excessive sun and heat, so keep the propulsion tires in a cool, dark place when not in use.

The buoy or iron


The float is a very important part of the spearfisher’s equipment. Not only is it a safety essential, it can also be a very valid method of carrying caught fish and some of your gear. 

The float or buoy should be brightly colored (orange, red, or yellow) and large enough to support the diver when he needs a break. 

A large number of household objects can be used as a buoy, large plastic containers, plastic soccer balls, or a partially inflated car inner tube, although we recommend an exclusive buoy for this type of task since its price is not very high. and they will give us a better service. 

Buoys are usually torpedo-shaped or round and always brightly colored. These come with heavy duty rings for attaching lines and pieces of equipment and have the added benefit of being deflatable when not in use. 

A good sized, brightly colored float warns other anglers to keep a certain distance around the marker buoy. 

It is therefore essential that the spearfisherman do his part and stay within a 15m radius of the float.

The float must have a strong towing line of about 20 meters. 

If a lead weight of about 1 kg is attached to the free end of the tow line, the float can be anchored by dropping the weight to the seabed. The diver can then search around the float. 

When it’s time to move on, the weight can be retrieved and the float towed to another area. Another useful item that can be carried on the buoy is a small mesh net bag. 

The net bag should be big enough to carry your gear to and from the water and can also be used to carry your big catches!

the diving knife

A knife is an essential piece of equipment and has to be used with caution. In case of emergency it can be used to free the diver from getting caught in ropes or similar. 

It is not necessary to have a large knife, just a very sharp knife. 

It is equally important to make sure that the sheath in which you store the knife is sturdy but also allows you to easily access it in an emergency. 

The knife can be carried on the calf, thigh, arm or weighted belt, always being easily accessible.

The bag catches fish

Let’s imagine that every time we have caught a fish we had to return to the shore to deposit it, it would not be convenient at all besides that we would consume a lot of energy and time. 

The usual way to overcome these problems is to carry them in a fish bag attached to us, or better yet, have them attached to our marker buoy. 

Depending on your aspirations, abilities and size of the catches, we will have to choose one size or another in our net bags, as we always have to be positive and think that we will catch a large number of fish, we will choose a medium-sized bag with an easy closure.

Extra material for freediving

It is a well known fact that spearfishermen often lose track of time when they are in the water! A quality submersible watch does not have to be expensive, it is also usually a wise investment. 

Wearing the watch next to the skin under the suit cuff will prevent unnecessary bumping and snagging; It’s a good idea to check your watch strap regularly. 

A flashlight is not essential at the start, but it will open up a whole new world! There is a lot of marine life to be found in the holes and small dark caves. 

The flashlight will have to be used with one hand and its placement and fastening on the wrist must be with an elastic band for its safety and not to lose it on the seabed.

Fish species 

The best way to learn how to recognize the different types of fish is, without a doubt, to go to a specialized book where, with detailed images, it gives us all kinds of specifications of the fish that we want to capture. 

There are thousands of different species of fish that you will be able to see while spearfishing, but there are really only a relatively small number that you are likely to catch.

The following list includes some of the fish that we can normally catch:

Safety rules in spearfishing

Deep fishing, or deep fishing, is a variety within underwater fishing, it is a fairly difficult technique for novice fishermen due to the risks involved and the physical conditioning required for its practice. 

In this article we are going to talk about deep-sea fishing, revealing the main aspects that characterize it. Deep-sea fishing is considered when the dive is below 25 or 30 meters, a quite important depth and that will be noticed in the marine behavior; in particular, the fish are much more trusting in these depths than on the surface. 

This is due to the small number of fishermen who can access such deep areas. The drawback will be the impossibility of making more dives, something that is due to waiting times and that aims to avoid problems generated by decompression.

It requires a lot of control of the technique and psychological preparation. As for technique, good air management will be your best ally to gain a few meters. 

To do this, you should start with good ventilation on the surface, trying to exhale properly, combining these breaths with stronger ventilations to take in enough air and expel it repeatedly. 

Another way to gain depth, once you are submerged at the bottom of the sea, is to keep your mind and body relaxed in order to consume as little air as possible. 

A very important moment in this spearfishing technique is the moment to get out of the depths; do not get obsessed with reaching the surface even if you feel that you are short of breath. 

Your wingbeats should be slow and steady, avoiding excessive looking towards the surface and without suddenly accelerating when you are about to reach the surface. 

It is very important to be very careful and take extreme precautions when practicing deep fishing because of the dangers it implies for the fisherman, it is a recommended spearfishing technique for fishermen who are very experienced and have enough experience in spearfishing.

Below we will give some practical tips for safe spearfishing: everything you should take into account and know about scuba diving before going out to sea, suitable for beginners.

Tips for novice scuba divers and spearfishers

We offer you practical tips for safe dives and dives , some are more obvious than others, but we like to remember them and know that you take them into account. Always remember that the most important thing is your safety. We start:

  1. Try to go fishing accompanied by someone: fishing as a couple is very important for your safety, because if anything happens to you, you will always have someone to give the warning and help. What is useless is to enter the water together and then separate, it is essential to maintain eye contact with your partner. In addition, apart from being entertaining, fishing as a couple will be more effective as the chances of obtaining better and larger catches increase.
  2. Know the state of the sea and be proactive: it is very important to know the state of the sea before immersing yourself in it, something that is obvious but that in practice makes us scared by sea currents or any other phenomenon that may happen.
  3. Use a buoy so that your position in the water is visible: this is also recommended on board a ship since the crash and run over between boats is increasingly common. Avoid navigating through dangerous areas that have a lot of traffic, such as marinas or jet ski rental areas, etc.
  4. For when your body needs it: if you are tired you should stop because exceeding the limit could cause you to faint from lack of air. For this reason, it is always recommended that when you feel tired after an apnea, it is better to end the day of diving.
  5. Do not go fishing if you are sick or suffer from any ailment: no matter how small you think it is, because these small problems can have serious consequences on our physical condition.

Legislation on spearfishing

To carry out the activity of underwater fishing in apnea, a license is required , therefore before diving into the water it is very convenient to have obtained the fishing license, in this way we will avoid greater evils. 

Each autonomous community regulates the licenses independently of the other communities, do not forget to have a fishing license before diving into the sea since the fines are high. 

For your safety and that of others, always have your fishing license up to date.

Conclusions about spearfishing

One of the fascinations of this sport is that you never know all there is to know!

When we face nature, it always surprises us, the contact with the water, tides, currents, storms, temperature changes, the behavior of the fish and a thousand and one more factors, makes underwater fishing an activity of continuous learning, Therefore, this guide wants to offer an approach to the initial knowledge of this activity, paving the way as far as possible for beginners so that they can have success as early as possible and begin to overcome the challenges of this sport and continue for as long as possible. 

many years enjoying underwater fishing. Always remind you that spearfishing is potentially a dangerous sport and can be subject to many risks. Practice underwater fishing always with the highest security measures and never trust yourself.

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