All About Surfcasting Fishing, What Is It and How Is It Done?
All about surfcasting fishing, what is it and how is it done?
The surfcasting fishing is included within the types of fishing as a mode in which you are fishing from the shore of the beach.
It is a very popular way of practicing this sport, in addition to being relaxing due to the environment in which it is practiced, except when it is in competition, which is where the stress of competition prevails.
This is a variety of fishing that can be very tough and exhausting, but it will be rewarded with large catches. Among the most common species of surfcasting we find sea bass, sea bream or bream .
How to fish when surfcasting? A typical day
We have the story of a fisherman from the north of Spain, an experienced fisherman, with a thousand battles behind him and who lives fishing with passion , an authentic surfcaster who will reveal his secrets, his techniques and any detail so that we can improve in fishing to surfcasting , depending on the areas where we go fishing, quiet sandy areas, stony areas etc.
We will also put emphasis on knowing the environmental factors that condition it, its best times and moments, and also the techniques to be used in the different scenarios thanks to the type of bottom that compose them, be they sand or gravel and pebbles. We go there with the story of this great fisherman.
Indicating the appropriate setting is very simple : any sandy area, especially those of contained dimensions and with the non-essential condition of having groups of mountains, reefs and alternating shoals with tongues of sand.
These so common beaches become independent from other areas through separations, with a gradual alternation that goes from the pure constitution of sand to the stony cove or the typical one of pebbles or pebbles, but this does not exclude the possibility of catching large bream from the shore of kilometric beaches, visited by these fish in their trophic excursions.
Environmental factors and best times for surfcasting fishing
It is difficult for us to conceive surfcasting away from a truly evocative image, even I would say endearing: waves that break one after another, an infinite sky to look at with a placid face, the toe bending with impetus …, memories that are part of our most cherished reverie of diehard surfcasting fans.
We will regularly run into these desired conditions, better, if possible, choose the day; But it is also imperative to get used to the predictable variations due to the change of season, as well as to sudden changes that are both imponderable and unexpected.
The wild sands and strips open to the storm, we usually reserve them for the summer and spring. When the conditions become perfect, and when we descend through the dunes, at nightfall and in those long days we know that we will be perceptive to spend a pleasant fishing day.
But winter comes hopelessly, and we wonder, given the decay of the daylight hours and the intense cold …
"What am I doing here looking at the tip of the reeds?" It is complicated, we know it but that is where a pro angler differs from the occasional hobbyist.
The wind is a phenomenon that usually accompanies the surfcaster. On the large beaches the breeze is common, even without the appearance of storms. These light airs do not bother but a strong gale of force 6 will be quite irritating and will damage expectations.
We know that the northeast wind that blows is insidious and proceeding to practice surfcasting on the north coast becomes more complicated although these blows decline when lower temperatures at night.
The characteristics of the Mediterranean Sea are somewhat more benevolent. The fishing to surfcasting on beaches from Tarragona to Blanes, at the beginning of the Costa Brava They are more favorable because the wind does not condition us so much, that is why the frequency of departures increases accordingly.
The fishing of bream is usually successful if you choose the beach where the sea is balanced, ie, nor tidal wave or calm.
The theory that we read in the fishing manuals that break down the details about the surfcasting technique, they tell us about the three wave fronts where the casting is carried out preferentially over the last wave and this premise is often fulfilled, especially in the oceanic sea where perhaps it is the one that best suits the practice of this demanding art, such as surfcasting .
The beginning of the fishing day, a true story
It is time to rest, before concentrating on preparing the sport fishing equipment . A long awaited night of surfcasting. A fine air, coming from the northwest, raises a contained sea that breaks against the rocks in continuous procession.
"The conditions cannot be better and it is necessary to take advantage of it"
We meditated sitting on the plastic chair in the garage, scanning the sky through the wide-open entrance, conscientiously handling the tools with which to make the necessary terminals.
The sandy area awaits us and we intend to arrive first . Modeled a few years ago, the short descent to the beach is facilitated by the stacking of thick, sleeper planks coming from the train tracks.
I am comforted by seeing the beach, an 800-meter stretch of sand between two peninsulas; “I think I was right…, and no algae can be seen! From a small jump except the river that in its meanders shelters an interesting fauna and flora.
A real and wonderful protected natural area, where kestrels and ducks coexist in singular harmony
Our first casts from the shore
There is still the daylight of a star that is slowly gathering itself. I walk along the shore with the difficulty imposed by the soft sand at my feet. Right side of the beach, the chosen place, corner where the predominance of sand does not prevent the existence of some mountain ranges from stone, still perceptible before the flow of a spring tide begins.
This rod is my favorite: four and a half meters and a power between 70 and 170 grams, with a fine tail, I prefer it for its tip action and exquisite sensitivity.
The 125 gram ball lead terminal. A number 1/0 Cristal type hook that I strung with a good size jacket. In the other I will arrange several worms. I just go through the heads and then fix the whole with elastic thread, forming an attractive ball of worms.
He plays a first pitch, from the ground, with which I reach the area closest to the rocks. About 100 meters and back to tighten the line and set the rod with my rod holder. The same with the other surfcasting rod , with which I reach more or less 60 meters, just above where the first wave breaks.
And to wait, rushing the final moments of light, when the radiant reflector activity of the planet Venus is perceived on the horizon. A few light touches on the toe, which I hardly notice before installing the light holders.
I take the cane, the lighter one; a jerk, another …, another. Tense with two strokes of the crank and nail, and I pick up gently, slowly tiring the piece. It manifests itself as a medium-sized bream.
I see him at the tip of the wave, stretched out, motionless, frustrated by the unknown that has brought him closer to the dry zone without explanation. A seabream that has found the bait irresistible. Beautiful piece that brightens a good start to the evening .
In the north I use the paternoster most of the time. I cut a 0.60 millimeter end, 1.50 meters long, and prepare two 35 centimeter branch lines (0.24-0.35 millimeter fluorocarbon) 40 centimeters away from the lead and swivel linked to the main line, the ends are provided with the corresponding tourniquet.
The terminal end of the assembly will have a carabiner to contain the lead. It still seems to me the ideal terminal, endowed with greater security compared to perforated pearl systems.
On other occasions we will decide to present the bait below the lead using weights with a pin channel, according to the following scheme: lead / pearl / emerillon / branch line / hook .
How to fish when surfcasting on beaches with pebbles, gravel and edges?
In these situations we will apply similar concepts in fishing to surfcasting , but it is also necessary to know its peculiarities. It is especially important to review the structure of the fund.
Usually these more or less open inlets are made up of rocky shoals, mountains and crags to a greater or lesser extent, so we will be pushed to act with caution when making the rigging.
In the hours close to high tide, it may not be decisive to carry out distant launches to look for fish that, probably, will be near the breaker, waiting for the hangover to bring them the nutrients they need, such as sea fleas.
Under these conditions we will optimize the design of terminals with long arms and with final lead. For example, a mother line in 0.45 mm section and a 0.55 mm terminal with a gamete arranged in 35/100 monofilament thread .
The plumb bob connection will hold with a nylon similar to the latter. It all depends on the configuration inherent to the coastal geological format.
Perhaps we have to frequent risky descents on the cliffs that precede these hidden rocky places; but we will get, with practice, to enjoy fishing in its purest form.
Piles of rocks and large blocks are a common manifestation and a surfcaster should be able to control these spots for surfcasting. These strips usually coexist with nearby pebbles, even with sandbanks, but in themselves they have special connotations.
Crustaceans such as the sapa are housed in its entrails, a typical inhabitant that seeks refuge under these formations, a specific and unique bait .
We will also go safely to the American worms and the Korean (perineris ácrata) if they are large.
The technique of casting fishing from these places is basically the same as that reported in the previous point.
Given the irregular conformation that can be expected of these bottoms (saws, stones with cracks, nooks and crannies of all kinds.) We will choose to size our rigs appropriately.
The surfcasting reel , filled with a good monofilament of 0.40 millimeters of section, or better of 0.45, although we can incorporate some modern fiber with which we will reduce the thickness to 0.25 or 0.35 millimeters, for example.
We will look for a rod used in surfcasting with power between 100-300 grams, together with a strong reel with great recovery capacity, the latter aspect of transcendental importance. In an environment where the probability of castling is not negligible (almost a certainty), fast collection is a positive factor.
We will apply low-slider assemblies with leads provided with lateral wings , which can ascend without locking at the bottom. The lost lead procedure also works, suitable when we do not need long casts, since it is usual to locate the bream within a few meters.
In these places, we will take advantage of the moments of sunrise and sunset. During the day the thrushes and julias will devour the baits, although large maragotas also await us.
How to fish surfcasting on quiet sandy beaches?
There will also be occasions to fish the cast on quiet beaches , which, especially at night, can host interesting populations of bream so it will not be necessary to reach great distances with our sets.
In this case we will use light and soft baits, it is the land where we will take advantage of the properties of the marine sand.
This worm, as we all know, does not usually last for a long time in water, and the suddenness of a strong impulse is usually accompanied by a decrease in its properties.
We will make a timely reservation by reflecting that the use of existing systems on the market (impact clip stops, “bait-safe” or “bait-safe” format leads, transporting leads or bait containers) enables us to rationally use This elements.
Under these conditions we may prefer to present the bait in a highly natural way, with long gametes and simple tackles, without supplementary accessories.
The nereis de vasa (nereis diversicolor), which we will succeed in discovering in the margins adjacent to the mouth of the estuaries by tracing with a hoe, can then attract a reflective sparrow that lurks deceived by the vital movement of the nereid’s tail.
As in a movie, our experience fishing with powerful surfcasting rods on a tiny island was most enriching and we are going to tell you the story from beginning to end.
This small island has a very particular characteristic, and that is that we will not be able to fish on it on the day we want, and not only on days in which the tidal coefficient shown in the tables is very small, specifically between 0.40 and 0, 50 because if we go fishing with higher tides or when the sea is rough we can find ourselves in serious trouble.
We do not want to have to swim out of the place with the consequent loss of material and the danger posed by spoiling a fishing day that promises, since it is a place of strong currents, so you can not go to this site unless the conditions weather and tides are the most appropriate .
We came with tides with a coefficient of 0.40 and even so, in the midst of the upswing in the tide we were fishing to the limit of getting all of our fishing equipment wet, having to make an improvised sand barrier around it to prevent it from getting wet. .
The best thing about that island is that despite fishing in very little space we can put the rods forming a 360 ° circle, since due to its characteristics we can launch in all directions, both upwards and towards the entrance of a channel through which the boats pass, and if we look south we can fish towards the open sea and each area has its characteristic fish species that we will explain later in this attractive fishing day.
Fishing on the beach from the 4 cardinal points
If we fish towards the south, towards the open sea, we will do so in an area where we can capture species such as sea bream, bream and blacksmith.
The reeds that we have oriented towards the west, in the direction of the entrance channel for ships in the estuary, will be set in a deeper area, reaching a depth of 4 meters as revealed by the ship’s probe; here there are many possibilities to catch species as diverse as large bream, croaker, bailas and seabass, depending on the time of year in which we are.
When we fish looking north, towards the interior of the estuary we will also find a certain depth, since a few meters from the island where we are, a large step is formed in which we will no longer make feet if we try to walk.
This area is highly influenced by currents, and on fishing days where there is a lot of seaweed it becomes difficult for fishing, but it is very hot, especially for corvina fishing and its depth makes it ideal for fishing. live fishing with elevator tackle.
Finally we find a fishing area heading east, the ideal place for fishing for bailas, but in which we will not be able to fish at certain times, since due to its shallow depth it will even run out of a drop of water. in during low tide.
On this occasion we were prepared with a great variety of baits , since we had to give everything in this fishing day , trying to do our best to deceive all the dances and seabass that was possible, since by the dates in which we were they would be the dominant species.
The ideal equipment for surfcasting in our fishing day
We opted to use surfcasting rods with three sections and 4.50 m of action length 100-250 with the semi-hybrid tip , but not very soft to be able to launch heavy weights and at the same time detect the bites well.
Due to the possibility of catching fish of various sizes, the reels used had to be light, but at the same time had a brake of at least 20 kg, to be able to face any situation, both of a good sea bass and a good one. string of algae…. that fortunately I did not enter the singular fishing day.
The reels for surfcasting are assembled with two types of line, one with a braid with a thickness of 0.06 mm mother line and that supports 12 kilos and with a 0.27 mm braided bridge.
The others were mounted with 0.22 mm monofilament and with a 0.27 mm braided line bridge.
Despite the fact that the day chosen for fishing there was a tidal coefficient of 0.40, the characteristic of the fishing vessel caused strong currents to occur, so we carry all kinds of leads starting with the most resistant to the tides, such as They are those of staples, continuing with those of pyramids, golf and finally casting, in case the fish we are looking for were at a great distance and the currents allowed their use.
What baits do we use in surfcasting fishing?
Multipurpose baits valid for all fishing scenarios, and that can give us great surprises; How could it be otherwise, we bought the American worms known as XXL, large, and that if the whitebait is allowed to fish it is also one of the best baits to use, and that is how we use it on our fishing day.
Finally we brought some galleys and some pocket knives, in case the previous ones did not give results, being highly appreciated both for the bream and for the dance.
And I will not finish without mentioning those organisms proper for surfcasting fishing on rocky and rocky beaches.
Although all those already investigated will serve us, in this habitat the use of a well-alive sapa or mulatto will be beneficial, which we will ensure with elastic thread if we intend to reach the desired great distance, or some nereis of the mussels, an elongated polychaete characterized by a body matte green.
What hooks and tackle do we use?
For live fishing we use one or two small jars; we hook one on the lip and another on the back, punctured just below its upper fin, with a half-meter gamete of 0.50 mm if the water is dark and 0.30 mm if the water is clear, at the end of which we knot a shackle or twist.
The fishing hooks to be used with the cuttlefish will be 2/0 and 3/0, to ensure a good size bass and number 1 for the American worm. For baits such as the razor and the galley we use hooks number 2 and 4.
All these hooks are tied in a line that oscillates between 0.23 and 0.40 mm depending on the clarity of the water and the sea bottom that we find, and we will increase the thickness if our fishing tackle becomes bundled.
What did we catch?
Half an hour after the first bite, as he had a rod to the west, also with American worm as bait, with the luck that on that occasion the lead did not get hooked, and after a few minutes of fighting he was able to get a beautiful sea bass from kilo and a half.
At live smooth seemed just get no fish; On the previous fishing day I had been fishing on the beach, and that is a mojarra that I decided to keep alive to also be used as bait, and that my friend finally mounted and it worked since an hour later he had a good bite to the rod that he had with his mojarra and was oriented towards the north, where there is a lot of depth a few meters away from the shore, and after a good 15-minute fight he put another beautiful sea bass weighing a couple of kilos on the sand , which showed that mojarra can be even more effective than smooth.
What type of material is necessary for surfcasting fishing from shore?
As for the materials needed to practice surfcasting fishing, the most essential are:
- Fishing rod: normally two rods are used, and it is recommended that they be twins, so that when we cast, we have the same sensations with the two rods and we do not have to get used to the different weights of each one, if they are carbon better and if it has three plug-in sections, better than better.
Every fisherman feels more comfortable with a certain rod. At the time of the throw, it is the moment in which we will notice the difference the most if we throw with a more or less heavy equipment.
There are hundreds of models with different weights and with measurements between 3.80 and 4.50 meters. Using the appropriate rod, we will gain casting distance and avoid fatigue after many hours at sea.
- Fishing reels: they will also be the same to compensate for the equipment, since it is useless to have two equal rods if the reels are not and they distort the total weight of the equipment, they are usually reels with a large coil that supports many meters of line already that the casts in surfcasting are of great distance.
- Weights: very important because they are in charge of ensuring that our bait is in the most suitable place for the bite. The weights that are most used in this type of fishing are those that weigh between 80 and 350 grams.
It is important to use surfcasting leads that blend in with the bottoms. The sand colors are very attractive to the eyes of the fish, since it does not associate it with danger.
- Surfcasting line : the line that we will use will be 0.16 to 0.25 meters in sandy areas where we know in advance that we will not find rocks nearby that could break the thread.
In rocky or mixed areas we will use lines from 0.30 to 0.45 to ensure a little more fish in these more dangerous areas. Although thick threads will help us in rocky or mixed areas, in large sandy areas it is preferable to use a fine nylon because it will allow us to launch further. We will thus get more species.
- Hooks : this is where we will have to place the bait to nail the fish. Hence it is very important to note that the hook must prevent the fish from loosening once it has been nailed, there are thousands of models and their choice is given by the catch we want to achieve.
With the hook, try not to gamble. Currently there are perfectly sharpened hooks capable of penetrating the hardest mouths. You will notice the difference if you set good hooks, as your catches will increase significantly.
- Baits: As for the baits, the most common to practice this modality are live baits such as the American worm, Korean, razor clams, green crab, strips of poplar or cuttlefish, thread, north, etc.
Any of them will be suitable for the practice of surfcasting, the bait that we put so that the fish bites in the capture, must be alive. For sea bream and large seabream the best bait is, without a doubt, the turned and enlicrada tita.
There is no sea bream that resists the odors of this worm, in addition to putting up with the whitebait, with which we lose so much time when using other baits.
- Pikes or supports: they must be pointed to be able to stick them in the sand of the beach and hold the surfcasting rods tightly, there are phosphorescent and in different sizes.
- Rigs: they are very extensive and each fisherman will choose the one that best suits their tastes and needs. These rigs can be prepared in special ropes, while the endings or gametes with the hook will be better manufactured on the beach to avoid the line creating too much memory.
- Other materials: swivels, chemical lights, boxes to transport small equipment, a backpack or drawer to store everything and allow us to move comfortably along the beaches, etc.
On many occasions, as soon as we notice the bite, we run for the cane and remove it instantly. This is a mistake if we are looking for breams, since they usually take their time before swallowing the bait well. We will have to respond calmly until the rod bends properly, and the fish is well nailed.
Fishing equipment for surfcasting, one by one
When it comes to talking about the necessary equipment, we will try not to enter into debates about tastes and brands, since there are countless manufacturers of high quality material such as the famous surfcasting rods and reels from Shimano, Vercelli, Abu García, Cinnetic, Kali Kunnan, Renzo Valdieri among others, in addition to other types of tackle and accessories that we will try to make known to you by seeing one by one which are the most appropriate and of the best quality, another thing is the preferences and tastes of each particular fisherman, but having some basic notions we can choose correctly each component that includes and complete surfcasting equipment.
Surfcasting rods, everything you need to know
The surfcasting rods that most are familiar with are the typical three- piece plug-in rods . They are the most common and accessible for any fisherman, finding countless models to suit tastes and pockets.
These fishing rods are usually hovering between 4 and 4.50 meters in length , with an action to be able to launch leads weighing 200 and 250 grams with any type of casting, this last detail being of vital importance when it comes to choose the rods, so we must advise ourselves before purchasing one.
There are also two-section rods for this type of surfcasting but they are less well known, although they have good performance and good casting technique, between 3.75 m and 4.16 meters.
Many times we ask ourselves, what is the best surfcasting rod? And the answer is not simple at all since it depends on hundreds of factors that make a surfcasting rod optimal or not.
Surfcasting is one of the saltwater fishing modalities preferred by thousands of fishermen, this style is practiced preferably from the beach or coast.
There are beaches where, especially in summer, hundreds of fishermen congregate where they form a large row of surfcasting rods practicing fishing from dawn to dusk.
Rod manufacturing materials
Every day technology comes with more force to the world of sport fishing, that is why every time the materials used in the manufacture of fishing rods are of higher quality. Surfcasting rods are made mainly of fiberglass and especially carbon fiber .
Fiberglass rods are aimed at novice or beginner anglers who opt for this type of low-mid-range fishing rods as the best option. But if you are already a fisherman with a little more level, it is convenient to opt for the carbon fiber ones, these fishing rods are lighter, powerful and resistant giving greater reliability and performance when it comes to surfcasting.
As is logical to think, these surfcasting rods will be of a somewhat higher price than the fiberglass ones, the prices usually vary from between € 50 to more than € 2000 for competition surfcasting rods.
There are also countless brands such as Shimano, Abu García, Cinnetic, Tica, Penn, Kali Kunnan, Hart, Zun Zun, Vercelli surfcasting rods … and many more of great prestige and fishing tradition.
However, mid-range surfcasting rods are usually between € 150 and € 300 giving great results in both performance and reliability.
Rod lengths and measurements
The length of the surfcasting rods will depend largely on the height of the fisherman , however the measurements vary between 4 meters and 4.50 meters, being the most common among fishermen of average size of 4.20 meters.
The measure of the surfcasting rod will have a direct influence on our casts and it is vitally important to know which size is best for us, since a short rod will not allow us to make long casts but if it is too long for our height we will not be able to handle it. with ease thus making fishing difficult.
In order not to be mistaken, it is convenient to opt for a rod of 4.20 meters in length, a suitable measure for all types of fishermen and circumstances.
An all-terrain rod not too long for better handling and transport of it. Bear in mind that for days with great waves it would be interesting to choose a surfcasting rod of about 4.50 meters even up to 5 meters so that our casts exceed the crest of the wave.
It should be noted that surfcasting rods are generally of 3 plug-in type sections, although there are 2 sections, the latter are normally intended for competition due to their great casting power, but if your goal is to fish and have fun, opt for those of 3 meters without hesitation.
There are many types of hardness for rods and this parameter affects casting behavior.
- Parabolic action : surfcasting rods with this type of action or hardness double from the very beginning and are soft rods, they are usually used for very light baits and lures.
- Semi-parabolic action (medium) : this type of rods with this hardness are the most common among fishermen since they are flexible in the upper part providing great casts with great distances.
- Tip action: surfcasting rods that have this hardness are rigid and very powerful, used by fishermen with great mastery and dexterity when casting from the shore since the rod only bends its last part.
Rod action types
- Between 200 and 220 gr : it is usually the most used among surfcasting fishermen, this type of action allows us to make multiple casts during fishing days without getting too worn out, it also gives us long-distance casts.
- 250 gr: these surfcasting rods are more technical than the previous ones since we must load the rod correctly in order to achieve a long-distance cast.
- More than 250 gr: they are practically not used for surf casting fishing although there is always some fisherman who works better with this type of action, much more rigid than the previous ones.
Rod rings and pointers
Like any material in sport fishing there are innumerable models, types, varieties, shapes etc and in the rings it was not going to be less, we will highlight 3 types that are the most used today, although there are many more.
Globo Rings: slightly less usual rings but really useful for thicker lines and threads.
Low Rider: these types of rings are today the revolution in the sport fishing market, with a very small size and a very careful aesthetic. They are functional for very fine threads up to approximately 0.40 mm.
K- rings : very similar to the Low Rider rings with the particularity that the rings are slightly inclined upwards. These rings are more and more frequent to see them in high-end rods.
These are the types of rings according to their shape but now we must choose the material with which the rings of our surfcasting rod are made.
Ceramic Type: Most of the rings mount one of these types: alconite or SIC. Both are great ceramics although the SICs are curved instead of being flat, which makes the line glide even better.
Armor Type: there are two possibilities, FUJI rings in stainless steel or imitation rings. The difference apart from the price is the cleanliness and durability. When our rods do not mount FUJI we have to constantly clean our rings when we get home after each fishing, otherwise the saltpeter will make our rings turn green and will eventually rust.
The best thing for our surfcasting rods would be to choose FUJI SIC rings , but of course the price increases a lot, it all depends on our economy. The hybrid ferrules are widely used in harsh competition and leading are used in recreational fishing.
Still don’t have the best book on all the Secrets of Sea Fishing?
As in everything, design is also very important and that surfcasting rods are one of the most striking in the world of sport fishing in both color and design . There are fashions, sometimes the predominant color is red, sometimes orange even pink stands out in some seasons, the fisherman’s taste sets the trends.
We have given some information on the most general options to choose your surfcasting rod, now it’s up to you to choose the one that best suits your tastes, needs and economy, which is your favorite?
Types of fishing reels for surfcasting, which is the best?
The most common surfcasting reels will be the fixed spool reels , which are the ones most anglers use. These are characterized by their tapered and shallow coils, with a wide recovery and ratio.
It is vitally important that the line guide has a perfect operation, just like the brake, since when we use fine lines a minimum failure in the rotation of the line guide will cause the exit of our fishing line and this will truncate the possibility of putting dry our catch.
We can buy extra spools that are manufactured by independent brands, compatible with our spools and it is very helpful to carry several spools with different diameters of thread to have availability at all times. There are also spinning spool reels, being less common.
Technical parts of the surfcasting reel
We talked about the surfcasting reel , the types, operation and technical parts of this fundamental element for surfcasting fishing. And the fact is that the improvement in the reels has been unstoppable, the capacity for casting has invariably been imposed as the most desired parameter, although robustness, lightness and, why not, a certain taste of design is also required.
And it is that many models, especially of fixed coil, penetrate the consumer through the sense of sight, without attending to other requirements.
The innovations have had a substantial impact on these latest surfcasting reel models through the implementation of innovative technical and material solutions.
But it will be convenient to review, as a reminder, the different concepts that have been developed throughout history, such as multiplier winders or reels, fixed reel reels and, finally, some invention that is certainly far from us.
Multiplier surfcasting reels
These fishing reels already arise from a successful concept, proven and long-standing, a natural way specially conceived to evacuate line extremely quickly; however, they have not succeeded in displacing fixed spool reels (the “normal” ones), whose design has clearly prospered.
The spinning reel or multiplier reel has a reel whose central axis is located transversely to that of the fishing rod. Its function is to house the line and it is embedded between two supports that house the internal mechanisms and the crank.
During the casting process, the multiplier reel rotates with hardly any friction, which facilitates the exit of the line in a straight line heading directly towards the first ring. The problem is that they are somewhat complicated to use.
The very high revolutions that this reel reaches means that if we do not control them frequently, loops are formed that can ruin our nylon. A magnetic brake is often built into multiplier surfcasting reel models.
It consists of two tabs housed in the body that are made up of magnets. When adjusting the brake (it is shaped like a cylindrical nut) towards its high positions, the tabs move closer to the axis of the spool causing the turning capacity to decrease.
Surfcasting reel brakes
In other models the surfcasting reel, the chosen system is made up of a centrifugal brake that prevents over-turning at the end of the cast. It is based on the centrifugal force of the coil ; Acceleration makes small cylinders (usually plastic) approach the base of the coil so that excessive speed is controlled.
This system acts with an intensity proportional to the number of revolutions.
The mechanical brake acts by regulating the initial turning speed; it is easily tared according to the weight we are going to throw. To do this, the lever that releases the coil is pressed, then the rod is brought to a horizontal position and we handle the brake thread until the lead slides slowly and that when it touches the ground the coil does not continue to rotate.
The battle brake is star-shaped, and is located under the crank. It acts directly on the crown that acts as the motor, and is responsible for the movement of the shaft, and therefore of the coil. In a simple act of exploding we will identify several clearly defined parts in this type of surfcasting reel.
Two bodies, one includes a small graduated cylinder at its base that corresponds to the magnetic or centrifugal brake, depending on the model, the other incorporates the battle brake that is recognized by its star shape, the mechanical brake (a cylinder ) and the crank, as well as the entire set of crown and internal gears.
Some types of surfcasting reels have a line guide, which is useful to allow a homogeneous collection of the line, but at the same time has the inconvenience of assuming an increase in friction during the casting of true surfcasting multiplier reels, such as the Penn reel.
International VSX (more used for boats) or the Ambassadeur Beast dispense with this implement. They are the most adapted machines for casting that exist today.
But it is really fixed spool reels that have been triumphing in the European market for some time, taking into account their proven virtues: simple concept, ease of use, as well as the constant increase in performance, factors that are very taken into consideration, I would say decisive by fishing enthusiasts.
The philosophy of this surfcasting reel It is different, as the coil does not rotate during the cast. It is the line that slides thanks to the force supplied by the rod.
This entails a considerable increase in friction, and the loss of kinetic energy is drastic, the thread rubs against the edge of the spool and comes out with a tunnel movement reminiscent of the position during storage; hitting the first ring inevitably produces another sharp friction.
The more fishing line comes out, the more friction with the edge of the spool , which quickly loses energy. For this reason the designers have been converging in the creation of spools with a conical shape (some in an inverted cone), in order to allow the evacuation of yarn in the shortest possible time.
The length of the coil is usually between 3.5 and 4.5 centimeters in the most daring models. We will add to this fact the type of casting design, a pattern to which modern formats are invariably adapted (with a joint cabin for the fine line) and the application of materials such as titanium and aluminum on the edges.
Reel structure for surfcasting
We have several parts, singled out by a foot or support and a body. In the body of the surfcasting reel we distinguish the real body, where the engine mechanisms are housed.
Then we see a front rotor that turns thanks to the force of the crown, driven by the movement of the crank. The rotor or bowl of the fishing reel incorporates two lateral supports, in one of which the thread guide or pick up is observed, from which a basket handle starts that ends in the other projection, both the body and the rotor are manufactured in graphite or aluminum (certain models of high-end fishing reels).
The spool is located on top of the motor, and does not move when casting or catching, since the guide handle is the instrument that winds the line on the reel.
The only possible rotation of the coil is due to the brake that is usually incorporated in the front part of the coil and is normally constituted by a series of Teflon and felt bearings (carbon in high-top models) alternated with metal washers that surround the internal shaft. Adjustment of the brake is done manually, by turning a nut.
It is normally released in a counterclockwise direction. The bearings stop pressing so that the coil is released from the socket it is subjected to on the shaft, leaving it free to rotate. The hardness will depend on the intensity regulation; this is the front line, and we will use it many times,
Metal parts of the surfcasting reel
The mechanical system that hides the surfcasting reel is really simple: the crank acts on a ring gear or attack pin, made of calamine (zinc silicate, not very resistant), graphite, stainless steel, bronze, aluminum oxide or, in the case of the highest-end reels, aluminum or titanium.
This crank acts on a toothed rotor shaft that houses the general shaft inside. The rotor shaft transmits its force to the rotor or bowl, which, as we saw, is responsible for collecting the yarn through the guide handle. And there is more than this.
All the other accessories that the surfcasting reel has are intended to increase the power of the reel, such as the steel bearings that are usually located at the base of the crank, at the base of the bowl and in the thread guide.
A lock prevents the crank from turning in the opposite direction. It is usually shaped like a small lever located at the back of the body. When activated, a tab locks the crown, so that it cannot rotate in the opposite direction to that of take-up.
It is normal that some data of interest are accompanied on the surface. At the base of the coil, the capacity calculation of the monofilament model can be seen regularly.
It can be standardized as resistance in pounds, a system adapted to the Anglo-Saxon market, or more commonly in millimeters of section.
Line capacity on reel
In this way we will see two data in a row: meters and next to it the section that corresponds to the meters that can be stored of a fixed diameter of line. When filling the surfcasting reel with thread, this information becomes essential.
If a coil specifies a capacity of, for example, 400-0.30 (400 meters of 0.30 mm section wire) it does not mean that we have to carry out the operation, with the consequent expense, of winding such a quantity of line.
We can use a cheaper thread to fill the first part. We will calculate well, and after creating this base we will incorporate the final thread. The low profile coil design alleviates this operation for us.
Another figure that we will find is called the reel ratio. Briefly, it can be defined as the turns that the rotor makes on the coil for each turn of the crank. It is expressed as an example by 4.0: 1 (in this model, when you turn the handle, the coil makes 4 turns).
This is of interest to know the speed of reel recovery, an interesting property. In its calculation we will need to know the length of the circumference of the coil, or better said, the thread that is wrapped in each rotation.
At the base or at the front it is common to see the spool diameter reflected. This data is approximate, due to the fact that the diameter varies, being greater when it is loaded than when it is half empty.
However, the discrepancy can be ignored nowadays, since in the low profile reels, very common, the difference is negligible when our surfcasting reels are filled with fine son.
Mounts and Bass Line for Surfcasting Fishing
The fishing lines will be of very fine diameter, they are usually changed each season due to the deterioration they bear due to the erosion of the sun, wind, saltpeter…. That is why it must be well maintained so that its duration is maximum.
For the conservation of fishing lines it will be recommended to rinse it with fresh water after each fishing day, and you can add a spray or protector to protect the line.
The most used diameters will be between 0.16 mm and 0.18 mm since they will help us to reach great distances with our baits.
For the union of our fishing line with the bridge or rat tail we will use barrel knots at the finest end, of equal diameter or the closest to the line of our reel, it is advisable that at the thickest end it reaches at least 0.50 millimeters, to withstand the tension generated in the cast without breaking, and have a total length of 3 to 15 meters, these bridges are characterized by their conical shape, which facilitates their exit from the reel.
The most common and most used surfcasting [fishing tackle for sea bream species is the bass known as urfe, whether mounted on a line, mounted on a lead rod or independently.
- Urfe mounted on the line : This assembly is the easiest, it consists of placing a pair of silicone stopper beads with a rolling pin in the middle of both, mounted on the bridge or rat tail, remaining above the lead, giving freedom to the gamete that will rotate over the lead and around the bridge.
- Urfe riding on the lead: This mounting consists of placing a pair of beads with a rolling equal to the previous mounting on the line, but in this case on the lead rod.
- External urfe: It is made with a piece of steel rod of about ten centimeters at the upper end of which we will mount a rolling pin to engage with the bridge line, and then we will insert the two pearls and the rolling for the gamete, as the previous ones remaining in its center, and we will mount a quick coupling at the lower end, to place the lead, and we will close both ends with a piece of heat shrink tubing to avoid tangles.
The most used leads in surfcasting
The most common leads are bullet with a smooth and pointed shape , which helps to achieve long distances in the cast. The weight of the lead will vary according to the action of the rod, the most frequent being 113 gr to 130 gr .
The color of the lead depends on the time of fishing, when we fish for the night we will take colors such as white, black and lead. During the day the colors that work best are red and sand, the color red is used with blood bait such as the American worm or the sandworm.